Readability

On the Research Road

by baldilocks

I’m deep into research and Bre­it­bart pro­vides one of the keys/​tracks/​clues via The Truth about LBJ and MLK–a piece which is tan­gen­tial to the release of the movie Selma.

The truth is that Lyn­don Baines John­son was a life-​long seg­re­ga­tion­ist who resisted numer­ous attempts to elim­i­nate the poll tax and lit­er­acy tests dur­ing his twenty-​three year career in the House and Sen­ate. He blocked every major and minor piece of mean­ing­ful civil rights leg­is­la­tion as the leader of the South­ern block in the US Sen­ate, and as its pow­er­ful Major­ity Leader.

It was Lyn­don John­son who neutered the 1957 Civil Rights Act with a poi­son pill amend­ment that required vio­la­tors of the Act be tried before state (all-​white), not fed­eral juries. Many con­tem­po­rary lib­er­als includ­ing Joseph Rauh, the pres­i­dent of Amer­i­cans for Demo­c­ra­tic Action, and A. Philip Ran­dolph, a vice pres­i­dent of the AFL-​CIO, called the bill worth­less, and “worse than no bill at all.”Martin_Luther_King,_Jr._and_Lyndon_Johnson_2

As Vice Pres­i­dent, Lyn­don John­son orches­trated south­ern con­gres­sional oppo­si­tion to JFK’s civil rights agenda and repeat­edly warned JFK to go slow on the civil rights, vot­ing rights, and open hous­ing leg­is­la­tion that Kennedy had promised in his 1960 campaign.

LBJ, it seems, was reserv­ing these ini­tia­tives for him­self. He repeat­edly cau­tioned Pres­i­dent Kennedy to wait “until the time is right.” On Capi­tol Hill, John­son simul­ta­ne­ously lob­bied his “estab­lish­ment” friends to stall that same legislation.

John­son would do an about-​face on civil rights imme­di­ately upon becom­ing pres­i­dent, appar­ently now that the “time was right.” He did so to begin the cre­ation of a grand legacy for him­self through the pas­sage of the same leg­is­la­tion that he had pre­vi­ously impeded, and to fend-​off a chal­lenge from Robert F. Kennedy at the 1964 Demo­c­ra­tic convention.

His maneu­ver­ing also gave him cur­rency in the left wing of his party so that he could esca­late the Viet­nam War unim­peded, hav­ing won its sup­port. He had also promised his long­time sup­port­ers in the defense con­tract­ing busi­ness, as well as the Pen­ta­gon, that after he was reelected “you’ll get your war.”

What am I research­ing? I’m try­ing to find an easy to under­stand method of how we got to where we are – intel­lec­tu­ally speak­ing – with respect to edu­ca­tion and racial enmity. As I’m doing so, an inter­est­ing thing is hap­pen­ing: I’m hav­ing my assump­tions chal­lenged, includ­ing the assump­tion that I know this part of history.

Trav­el­ing…

Juli­ette Akinyi Ochieng blogs at baldilocks. (Her older blog is located here.) Her first novel, Tale of the Tigers: Love is Not a Game, was pub­lished in 2012. Her sec­ond novel, ten­ta­tively titled, Arlen’s Harem, will be done in 2015. Fol­low her on Twit­ter.

Please con­tribute to Juliette’s Projects: Her new novel, her blog, her Inter­net to keep the lat­ter going and COF­FEE to keep her going!

Or con­tribute to Da Tech Guy’s Tip Jar in the name of Inde­pen­dent Journalism — -»»baldilocks

by baldilocks

I’m deep into research and Breitbart provides one of the keys/tracks/clues via The Truth about LBJ and MLK–a piece which is tangential to the release of the movie Selma.

The truth is that Lyndon Baines Johnson was a life-long segregationist who resisted numerous attempts to eliminate the poll tax and literacy tests during his twenty-three year career in the House and Senate. He blocked every major and minor piece of meaningful civil rights legislation as the leader of the Southern block in the US Senate, and as its powerful Majority Leader.

It was Lyndon Johnson who neutered the 1957 Civil Rights Act with a poison pill amendment that required violators of the Act be tried before state (all-white), not federal juries. Many contemporary liberals including Joseph Rauh, the president of Americans for Democratic Action, and A. Philip Randolph, a vice president of the AFL-CIO, called the bill worthless, and “worse than no bill at all.”Martin_Luther_King,_Jr._and_Lyndon_Johnson_2

As Vice President, Lyndon Johnson orchestrated southern congressional opposition to JFK’s civil rights agenda and repeatedly warned JFK to go slow on the civil rights, voting rights, and open housing legislation that Kennedy had promised in his 1960 campaign.

LBJ, it seems, was reserving these initiatives for himself. He repeatedly cautioned President Kennedy to wait “until the time is right.” On Capitol Hill, Johnson simultaneously lobbied his “establishment” friends to stall that same legislation.

Johnson would do an about-face on civil rights immediately upon becoming president, apparently now that the “time was right.” He did so to begin the creation of a grand legacy for himself through the passage of the same legislation that he had previously impeded, and to fend-off a challenge from Robert F. Kennedy at the 1964 Democratic convention.

His maneuvering also gave him currency in the left wing of his party so that he could escalate the Vietnam War unimpeded, having won its support.  He had also promised his longtime supporters in the defense contracting business, as well as the Pentagon, that after he was reelected “you’ll get your war.”

What am I researching? I’m trying to find an easy to understand method of how we got to where we are–intellectually speaking–with respect to education and racial enmity. As I’m doing so, an interesting thing is happening: I’m having my assumptions challenged, including the assumption that I know this part of history.

Traveling…

Juliette Akinyi Ochieng blogs at baldilocks. (Her older blog is located here.) Her first novel, Tale of the Tigers: Love is Not a Game, was published in 2012. Her second novel, tentatively titled, Arlen’s Harem, will be done in 2015. Follow her on Twitter.

Please contribute to Juliette’s Projects: Her new novel, her blog, her Internet to keep the latter going and COFFEE to keep her going!

Or contribute to Da Tech Guy’s Tip Jar in the name of Independent Journalism—->>>>baldilocks