The Frankfurt School, the destruction of objective truth, and college indoctrination

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The Frankfurt School, the destruction of objective truth, and college indoctrination

The mis­taken belief among about fifty per­cent of the younger gen­er­a­tions that social­ism is supe­rior to cap­i­tal­ism can be traced back to the indoc­tri­na­tion that passes for edu­ca­tion on our col­lege cam­puses. The roots of this indoc­tri­na­tion can be traced back to the destruc­tion of objec­tive truth, which was pop­u­lar­ized by the Frank­furt School of Eco­nom­ics. Here is a def­i­n­i­tion of that school and doc­u­men­ta­tion about its far reach­ing effects, from the Inter­net Ency­clo­pe­dia of Philosophy

The Frank­furt School, known more appro­pri­ately as Crit­i­cal The­ory, is a philo­soph­i­cal and soci­o­log­i­cal move­ment spread across many uni­ver­si­ties around the world. It was orig­i­nally located at the Insti­tute for Social Research (Insti­tut für Sozial­forschung), an attached insti­tute at the Goethe Uni­ver­sity in Frank­furt, Ger­many. The Insti­tute was founded in 1923 thanks to a dona­tion by Felix Weil with the aim of devel­op­ing Marx­ist stud­ies in Ger­many. After 1933, the Nazis forced its clo­sure, and the Insti­tute was moved to the United States where it found hos­pi­tal­ity at Colum­bia Uni­ver­sity in New York City.

The aca­d­e­mic influ­ence of the crit­i­cal method is far reach­ing. Some of the key issues and philo­soph­i­cal pre­oc­cu­pa­tions of the School involve the cri­tique of moder­nity and cap­i­tal­ist soci­ety, the def­i­n­i­tion of social eman­ci­pa­tion, as well as the detec­tion of the patholo­gies of soci­ety. Crit­i­cal The­ory pro­vides a spe­cific inter­pre­ta­tion of Marx­ist phi­los­o­phy with regards to some of its cen­tral eco­nomic and polit­i­cal notions like com­mod­i­fi­ca­tion, reifi­ca­tion, fetishiza­tion and cri­tique of mass culture.

One impor­tant take away from this quote is the fact the Frank­furt School moved to Colum­bia Uni­ver­sity, which houses one of the most pres­ti­gious schools of edu­ca­tion and one of the most pres­ti­gious schools of journalism.

This Amer­i­can Thinker arti­cle
doc­u­ments the philoso­phies espoused by the Frank­furt
School.

The Frank­furt School was a move­ment of far-​left Euro­pean philoso­phers who sought (among many other things) to apply the ideas of Marx in a social con­text. What devel­oped from this school was Crit­i­cal The­ory, which is ulti­mately a re-​envisioning of the way the world is seen. The Frank­furt School rejected objec­tive truth and the his­tor­i­cal records of human­ity and objected to any form of objec­tive knowledge.

As you can see from this next quote from the Amer­i­can
Thinker arti­cle, Crit­i­cal The­ory had dis­as­trous effects on sci­ence, and so much
more.

There is no longer objec­tiv­ity in the sci­ences or arts, and every­thing becomes an ele­ment of inter­pre­ta­tion. Knowl­edge, accord­ing to Marx­ist thought, can be manip­u­lated to serve a pur­pose, and that is what the left is actively doing. While this idea that objec­tive knowl­edge is no longer accepted might seem like non­sense, these ideas are promi­nent in far-​ranging aca­d­e­mic sub­jects from the arts to the sci­ences. In turn, these ideas are cap­ti­vat­ing cam­puses and infect­ing stu­dents everywhere.

The author goes on to dis­cuss how Crit­i­cal The­ory is the
polar oppo­site of the philoso­phies at the heart of the found­ing prin­ci­ples of
this nation.

Through­out West­ern his­tory, soci­ety has been rooted in the prin­ci­ples of objec­tive truth. The great philoso­phers like Plato, Aris­to­tle, and Locke all believed in some form of objec­tive truth that guided soci­ety and estab­lished prin­ci­ples to be followed.

Much of the mod­ern West­ern world is based on the ideas pro­duced by Judeo-​Christian thought. Judeo-​Christian thought is based deeply in objec­tive truth and objec­tive reality.

Nat­ural Law, with roots that can be traced back to Cicero, is the very foun­da­tion our Con­sti­tu­tional Repub­lic was built on. Crit­i­cal The­ory dis­man­tled the foun­da­tion of this nation by dis­man­tling Nat­ural Law. Here is how Cicero defined Nat­ural law in a quote from Mar­cus Tul­lius Cicero, Repub­lic, The Laws,.

True law is right rea­son in agree­ment with nature; it is of uni­ver­sal appli­ca­tion, unchang­ing and ever­last­ing; it sum­mons to duty by its com­mands, and averts from wrong-​doing by its pro­hi­bi­tions. And it does not lay its com­mands or pro­hi­bi­tions upon good men in vain, although nei­ther have any effect on the wicked. It is a sin to try to alter this law, nor is it allow­able to attempt to repeal a part of it, and it is impos­si­ble to abol­ish it entirely. We can­not be freed from its oblig­a­tions by Sen­ate or Peo­ple, and we need not look out­side our­selves for an expounder or inter­preter of it. And there will not be dif­fer­ent laws at Rome and at Athens, or dif­fer­ent laws now and in the future, but one eter­nal and unchange­able law will be valid for all nations and all times, and there will be one mas­ter and ruler, that is, God, over us all, for He is the author of this law, its pro­mul­ga­tor, and its enforc­ing judge. Who­ever is dis­obe­di­ent is flee­ing from him­self and deny­ing his human nature, and by rea­son of this very fact he will suf­fer the worst penal­ties, even if he escapes what is com­monly called punishment

No author influ­enced the writ­ing of the Dec­la­ra­tion of
Inde­pen­dence and the Con­sti­tu­tion more than John Locke. His Two Trea­tises Of
Gov­ern­ment
, which served as the bedrock of our Con­sti­tu­tional
Repub­lic, are entirely about
Nat­ural Law.

In this quote from Thomas Jefferson’s Argu­ment in the Case of How­ell vs. Nether­land, it is obvi­ous that Jef­fer­son was a very firm believer in Nat­ural Law

Under the law of nature, all men are born free, every one comes into the world with a right to his own per­son, which includes the lib­erty of mov­ing and using it at his own will. This is what is called per­sonal lib­erty, and is given him by the author of nature, because nec­es­sary for his own sustenance.

There is no bet­ter exam­ple to illus­trate how Nat­ural Law serves as the
foun­da­tion of this nation than this quote.

We hold these truths to be self-​evident: That all men are cre­ated equal; that they are endowed by their Cre­ator with cer­tain unalien­able rights; that among these are life, lib­erty, and the pur­suit of hap­pi­ness; that, to secure these rights, gov­ern­ments are insti­tuted among men, deriv­ing their just pow­ers from the con­sent of the gov­erned; that when­ever any form of gov­ern­ment becomes destruc­tive of these ends, it is the right of the peo­ple to alter or to abol­ish it, and to insti­tute new gov­ern­ment, lay­ing its foun­da­tion on such prin­ci­ples, and orga­niz­ing its pow­ers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness.

The Crit­i­cal The­ory pro­duced at the Frank­furt School first infected Colum­bia Uni­ver­sity. Because Colum­bia was such a pres­ti­gious school of edu­ca­tion the con­ta­gion was spread to other col­leges of edu­ca­tion, then on to just about every other col­lege and uni­ver­sity in this coun­try. Crit­i­cal the­ory is dis­man­tling the found­ing prin­ci­ples of this nation.

The mistaken belief among about fifty percent of the younger generations that socialism is superior to capitalism can be traced back to the indoctrination that passes for education on our college campuses.  The roots of this indoctrination can be traced back to the destruction of objective truth, which was popularized by the Frankfurt School of Economics. Here is a definition of that school and documentation about its far reaching effects, from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

The Frankfurt School, known more appropriately as Critical Theory, is a philosophical and sociological movement spread across many universities around the world. It was originally located at the Institute for Social Research (Institut für Sozialforschung), an attached institute at the Goethe University in Frankfurt, Germany. The Institute was founded in 1923 thanks to a donation by Felix Weil with the aim of developing Marxist studies in Germany. After 1933, the Nazis forced its closure, and the Institute was moved to the United States where it found hospitality at Columbia University in New York City.

The academic influence of the critical method is far reaching. Some of the key issues and philosophical preoccupations of the School involve the critique of modernity and capitalist society, the definition of social emancipation, as well as the detection of the pathologies of society. Critical Theory provides a specific interpretation of Marxist philosophy with regards to some of its central economic and political notions like commodification, reification, fetishization and critique of mass culture.

One important take away from this quote is the fact the Frankfurt School moved to Columbia University, which houses one of the most prestigious schools of education and one of the most prestigious schools of journalism.

This American Thinker article documents the philosophies espoused by the Frankfurt School.

The Frankfurt School was a movement of far-left European philosophers who sought (among many other things) to apply the ideas of Marx in a social context.  What developed from this school was Critical Theory, which is ultimately a re-envisioning of the way the world is seen.  The Frankfurt School rejected objective truth and the historical records of humanity and objected to any form of objective knowledge. 

As you can see from this next quote from the American Thinker article, Critical Theory had disastrous effects on science, and so much more.

There is no longer objectivity in the sciences or arts, and everything becomes an element of interpretation.  Knowledge, according to Marxist thought, can be manipulated to serve a purpose, and that is what the left is actively doing.  While this idea that objective knowledge is no longer accepted might seem like nonsense, these ideas are prominent in far-ranging academic subjects from the arts to the sciences.  In turn, these ideas are captivating campuses and infecting students everywhere. 

The author goes on to discuss how Critical Theory is the polar opposite of the philosophies at the heart of the founding principles of this nation.

Throughout Western history, society has been rooted in the principles of objective truth.  The great philosophers like Plato, Aristotle, and Locke all believed in some form of objective truth that guided society and established principles to be followed.

Much of the modern Western world is based on the ideas produced by Judeo-Christian thought.  Judeo-Christian thought is based deeply in objective truth and objective reality.

Natural Law, with roots that can be traced back to Cicero, is the very foundation our Constitutional Republic was built on.  Critical Theory dismantled the foundation of this nation by dismantling Natural Law.  Here is how Cicero defined Natural law in a quote from Marcus Tullius Cicero, Republic, The Laws,.

True law is right reason in agreement with nature; it is of universal application, unchanging and everlasting; it summons to duty by its commands, and averts from wrong-doing by its prohibitions. And it does not lay its commands or prohibitions upon good men in vain, although neither have any effect on the wicked. It is a sin to try to alter this law, nor is it allowable to attempt to repeal a part of it, and it is impossible to abolish it entirely. We cannot be freed from its obligations by Senate or People, and we need not look outside ourselves for an expounder or interpreter of it. And there will not be different laws at Rome and at Athens, or different laws now and in the future, but one eternal and unchangeable law will be valid for all nations and all times, and there will be one master and ruler, that is, God, over us all, for He is the author of this law, its promulgator, and its enforcing judge. Whoever is disobedient is fleeing from himself and denying his human nature, and by reason of this very fact he will suffer the worst penalties, even if he escapes what is commonly called punishment

No author influenced the writing of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution more than John Locke.  His Two Treatises Of Government, which served as the bedrock of our Constitutional Republic, are entirely about Natural Law.    

In this quote from Thomas Jefferson’s Argument in the Case of Howell vs. Netherland, it is obvious that Jefferson was a very firm believer in Natural Law

Under the law of nature, all men are born free, every one comes into the world with a right to his own person, which includes the liberty of moving and using it at his own will. This is what is called personal liberty, and is given him by the author of nature, because necessary for his own sustenance.

There is no better example to illustrate how Natural Law serves as the foundation of this nation than this quote.

We hold these truths to be self-evident:  That all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that, to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness.

The Critical Theory produced at the Frankfurt School first infected Columbia University.  Because Columbia was such a prestigious school of education the contagion was spread to other colleges of education, then on to just about every other college and university in this country.  Critical theory is  dismantling the founding principles of this nation.