By John Ruberry

Synesthesia: “A sensation produced in one modality when a stimulus is applied to another modality, as when the hearing of a certain sound induces the visualization of a certain color,” so says Dictionary.com.

If there is a void in your musical life and you are a fan of the Kinks and the Beatles, or perhaps Oasis, then I suggest you explore the career of XTC, the most unappreciated band of its time.

And what a time it was. XTC was part of the Class of 1977, rock and roll’s last great year in my opinon, when the Clash, Blondie, Talking Heads, Elvis Costello and many more burst onto the musical scene. By 1999, after a seven year strike against its British label, when they released their penultimate album, Apple Venus Volume 1, only Costello and XTC remained as active acts.

Like the Beatles, XTC evolved musically into a much different group when it was all over.

Late last year in Great Britain and early this year in the United States, the documentary, yes, rockumentarty, XTC: This Is Pop was released. It’s available where I live on Showtime and Xfinity OnDemand.

What became XTC began in the southwestern English city of Swindon, the onetime home of the Swindon Works of the Great Western Railway, with a band started by its de facto leader, Andy Partridge. Bassist Colin Moulding and drummer Terry Chambers rounded out the nucleus of the group. London keyboardist Barry Andrews, the only XTCer who is not interviewed for This Is Pop, later joined; he appears on the band’s first two albums, White Music and GO2, which comprise the band’s punk period. After Andrews’ departure he was replaced by another Swindonian, guitarist Dave Gregory.

“I actually think we started pretty damn good and then got a lot better. And there’s not too many bands can say that’s their arc,” Partridge immodestly but correctly boasts about XTC.

Yet there is some humor in This Is Pop that offsets the braggadocio.

“Don’t you dare have-into this documentary,” Partridge waves off “that lugubrious keyboard player from that prog-rock group,” Rick Wakeman of Yes, who makes a hilarious cameo.

Partridge says of his troubled childhood, “I never thought I was good at anything until I got more and more into drawing and painting.”

Imagine if legendary filmmaker Akira Kurosawa, who early in his life aspired to be a painter, formed a rock group instead. It just might have sounded like XTC.

The band’s breakthrough in 1979 came not from a Partridge-penned tune but one by Moulding, “We’re Only Making Plans For Nigel” from their third album, Drums and Wires, which Little Marathon Pundit said of the other day, “That’s one song I like.” If its sonorous drum patterns seem familiar, that’s because engineer Hugh Padham discovered that effect while recoding “Nigel” before bringing the technique to Phil Collins’ “In The Air Tonight.” Many other 1980s acts swiped that sound.

The next two albums, Black Sea and English Settlement, brought more–albeit modest–success and momentum to XTC as it rounded out its New Wave period. But as the Kinks often bungled their career, XTC’ sabotaged things too, although not intentionally as I’ve always suspected the Kinks did. The effects of Partridge’s Valium addiction, which went back to when he was 12, and the withdrawal effects, led to a nervous breakdown during a Paris concert–which is shown in This Is Pop. The lads from Swindon still traveled to the United States for their first tour as a headliner. But what should have been an American victory lap lasted just one show. Outside of a smattering of radio and television appearances, they never performed live again.

XTC’s pastoral era brought three albums, Mummer, The Big Express, and Skylarking. But within that period XTC’s psychedelic alter ego, the Dukes of Stratosphear, released two collections that outsold those last two in the UK.

Before recording Skylarking, Partridge tells us, their record label issued an ultimatum: You need to grow your American audience and hire an American producer. Presented with a list of unfamiliar names, Partridge chose the only one he had heard of: Todd Rundgren. The result was the band’s masterpiece, Skylarking. On it you find the conceptual orchestral greatness of Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band. But because Partridge and “Runt” butted heads–they probably had too much in common–the studio atmosphere mirrored the angst of the Beatles’ White Album recording sessions. XTC came close to blowing this moment too as the original pressings of Skylarking omitted the best song from the Rundgren sessions, the controversial atheist anthem “Dear God.” It was the B-side of the “Grass” single. American deejays elevated “Dear God” to prominence. Their record company was right, XTC needed a jump start from America.

Earlier I mentioned synesthesia. “How I write a lot of the songs, I will find a chord or a chord change on a guitar or on a keyboard,” Partridge describes his songwriting technique, “and I’m playing those but not I’m not hearing music–I’m seeing pictures. That’s how I write songs, it comes usually from the synesthesic level.”

And I wager you thought I was overreaching with the Akira Kurosawa comparison.

“Synesthesia is where you get stuff mixed up,” Partridge expands on his thoughts, “someone will say a number and you’ll hear a noise, or someone will show you a color and you’ll think of a number, or you’ll hear a peace of music or a chord and to me it makes a picture.”

And that is why XTC’s music is different.

The follow-up to Skylarking was 1989’s Oranges and Lemons, another success as XTC entered its proto-Britpop era.

Chambers left during the pastoral period and Gregory departed shortly after XTC’s recording strike ended. Their band’s final album, Wasp Star (Apple Venus Volume 2), was released in 2000.

An eclectic group of commentators contribute context to This Is Pop, including Stewart Copeland of the Police, Blondie’s Clem Burke, and a veteran mockumentary performer, Harry Shearer, who, unlike Wakeman, plays it straight here.

Woven into This Is Pop is the countryside of southwestern England and a model train set winding through an intricately-reconstructed Swindon, because it doesn’t seem possible to separate XTC from their hometown.

XTC: This Is Pop is an essential film about an essential band, a group that belongs in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. The documentary can be streamed on Amazon.

John Ruberry, who has been an XTC fan since 1979 after hearing “We’re Only Making Plans for Nigel” on WXRT-FM in Chicago, regularly blogs at Marathon Pundit.

My advice post for the GOP is on hold for a day or two because of events in Syria.  Here are 10 thoughts under my fedora on the subject.

I’m really thinking that Putin are falling for MSM propaganda on the president’s weakness.  I think the Russians and/or Syrians and/or Iranians wrongly perceived that Trump’s public desire to be out of Syria meant open season to use gas, big mistake (and please don’t insult my intelligence by suggesting that the Syrians might use this gas without the consent of the Russians.


Watching the coverage on CNN was interesting.  Because there was no warning that this was coming there was no coordination with Democrats on how to react and since they can’t hit Trump for punishing Syria for gassing innocent people  they had to play it straight to a large degree.  They really didn’t like that.


Another interesting problem for the MSM was the contrast between Trump doing what he said he would do on Syria and the Obama administrations making threats and red lines that meant nothing.  The only bright side for them was contrasting Trump’s previous statements before he was in the White House.


I was wondering how long it would take MSNBC to call this a “wag the dog” scenario.  Unfortunately for them there has been a week of talk about Syria and gas which makes that entire argument weak, there is also the help from England and France which is not something you can coordinate in a day or two which really hurts the credibility of the argument, but that won’t stop most “never trumpers” from playing that card.


it’s also worth noting Trump got a lot of credit for getting a coalition together for this attack, even Joe Scarborough who certainly can’t be accused of carrying Trump’s water complemented him on this.  I was surprised he was able to get the French, the British were less of a surprise.  It’s amazing how nations are more willing to hit your allies when you go around poisoning people on their soil.


A few days ago at work a friend from Haiti was very worried about Putin’s threat to shoot down anything attacking in Syria.  I told him not to worry because it was a bluff.  Today has confirmed that to be true although that’s not how it will be played in Russia.  Every time they play that game Russian and Iranian prestige in the area drops like a rock.


This has got to be a huge worry for Iran, North Korea and China.  After all if Trump is willing to go toe to toe with Putin he’s certainly not going to show any restraint on Iran and you had better believe little Kim has noticed this.


Don’t think for one minute the contrasting messages between Trump and his generals to the press is an accident.  This president is a big believer in keeping the other side guessing.  The conflicting messages are to cause the maximum confusion to the enemy as they decide what to do next.


I’m figuring that by Sunday the MSM and Democrats will have decided on a unified theme to go with here.  All of it will depending on the polling they see.  If the polling is mixed they’ll go all in with the “wag the dog” business suggesting that all of this was to distract from Comey and Cohen citing a lack of public evidence of Syrian actions while at the same time not demanding any such evidence the administration has be made public so as not to allow Trump to justify his actions.  Secondly they will contrast his previous remarks to his current actions to back up the whole “wag the dog” meme.  If the polling proves this to be popular they might just decide to get behind it to head off the GOP taking credit.


In terms of politics this is the worst possible thing to happen to the left.  Trump leading an international force to confront a country using chemical weapons is very presidential and it comes as his polling is some of the best we’ve seen for him in a while.  A foreign policy success combined with a strong economy might just give the GOP enough courage to fight back against the left’s TET offensive, particularly if it’s combined with an effective slogan, but that’s the post I’ve put off till tomorrow.

Photo courtesy of history.com

As The Washington Post’s Saigon bureau chief Peter Braestrup documented in his book The Big Story, reporters systematically used Tet to turn the reality of a U.S. victory into an image of American and South Vietnamese defeat…That campaign of misrepresentation culminated in Walter Cronkite’s half-hour TV special on February 27, 1968, when he told his viewers that Tet had proved that America was “mired in a stalemate.”

Christopher Harper Fake News and Vietnam 2/13/18

In my last post I noted that there are significant differences between the events leading up to the “Big Red Wave” of 2010 and the supposed big blue wave of 2018 the most significant being that despite broken promises on Obamacare repeal, partially corrected by the passage of the Trump Tax bill, there is actually a record of significant achieve on foreign policy, on deregulation and of course on the economic outlook of the country.

Given those facts on the ground one would think that the outlook for the GOP would be pretty good but the MSM has been relentless in their attacks on the administration and the downplaying of their accomplishments focusing instead on Porn stars and the Mueller investigation and while the polling suggests that the public isn’t interested in stuff like Stormy Daniels and twelve year old consensual affairs the dirty little secret is the public aren’t the target of the MSM offensive.

The audience the MSM is trying to reach are the republican members of congress and the GOP consultants in the Washington bubble.

You see it doesn’t matter how the economy is doing, how much more the GOP is raising or how much better the public is doing, as long as the MSM aided by social media giants like Facebook and Twitter, can convince the GOP members of congress that defeat in the fall is inevitable and that Trump is the cause, they can cause them (the GOP) to retreat.

It’s Tet all over again, Cronkite and the MSM had an agenda and were the only game in town and thus were able to sell said agenda to the people. as Christopher Harper put it:

“After Tet, American media had assumed a new mission for itself: to shape the nation’s politics by crafting a single coherent narrative, even if it meant omitting certain relevant facts and promoting other false or misleading ones. standing — just as they had convinced them a year earlier that America’s major victory was actually a major defeat.”

Sound familiar?

It certainly does and their new mission is to reverse the results of the last election and step one is to convince the GOP that election 2018 is already lost and convince them to leave the field and given the GOP’s apparent fear of governing and fighting for the principles they supposedly espouse it’s not a surprise that so far the media and left are doing a pretty good job of selling them this reality.

The GOP needs a shot of courage and a meme to run on. Tomorrow we’ll provide the latter in the hopes of restoring the former.

Update: Instalanche again thanks again Ed. Dear reader I submit and suggest if you want to really annoy the MSM please consider supporting sites like mine as you are the primary source of the money that pays our expenses, our writers (yes I pay them) and myself.


If you think reality based reporting and commentary is worth your while then please consider hitting DaTipJar below



Consider subscribing. 8 more subscribers at $20 a month will pay the monthly price for the new host/server.


Choose a Subscription level


Finally might I suggest my book Hail Mary the Perfect Protestant (and Catholic) Prayer makes an excellent Gift.

I spoke to Vito and Vito of the Vito and Vito show at CPAC 2018

For those of you who missed the post in question, because Scottie Neil Hughes didn’t make it to CPAC Vito ended up with the Cannoli Dutch Kitchen made special for her, the post about it is here and the video is here

You can find the Vito and Vito show here


DaTechGuy at CPAC 2018 The story (blogged) so far:
Thursday April 5th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Vito and Vito of the Vito and Vito Show
Voices of CPAC 2018 Lee Stranahan

Wednesday April 4th
Voices of CPAC 2018 William Hoge of Hogewash
Voices at CPAC 2018 Byron York of the Washington Examiner

Tuesday April 3rd

Voices of CPAC 2018 Erik Svane of ¡No Pasarán!
Voices of CPAC 2018 Gregory Wrighforce Inconvenient Facts

Monday April 2nd
Voices of CPAC 2018 Becky Noble of Politichicks
Voices of CPAC 2018 Andrew Mangioni of the Association of Mature American Citizens

Sunday April 1st
Voices of CPAC 2018 Dave Weigel of the Washington Post
Voices of CPAC 2018 Walking Interview James O’Keefe

Saturday March 31st

Voices of CPAC 2018: Michael from Scotland.
Voices of CPAC 2018 Gina Roberts Log Cabin Republicans San Diego

Friday March 30th

Voices of CPAC 2018 The Great Evan Sayet
Voices of CPAC 2018 MaryAnn after President Trump’s Speech

Thursday March 29th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Kathleen Wepner of Patriot Guardians
Voices of CPAC 2018 William Nardy of Rousa News PLUS the Lone Conservative Kassy Dylan

Wednesday March 28th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Peter from Reno
Voices of CPAC 2018 Tyler from Florida Post Trump Speech

Tuesday March 27th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Ricard from NY post Trump speech
3 Clips of President Trump at CPAC 2018 plus Rachel from VA again

Monday March 26

Voices of CPAC 2018 Jeff Hulbert of Patriot Picket
Voices of CPAC 2018 Adam from NY of the Young Republicans

Sunday March 25

Voices of CPAC 2018 Betina Viviano of the Media group America’s Voice
Voices of CPAC 2018 Susanne Monk of Trump Talk

Saturday March 24th

Voices from CPAC 2018: Tyler

Friday March 23rd

Voices of CPAC 2018 Debra (Nice Deb) Heine

Thursday March 22nd

Voices of CPAC 2018 Traci Belmonte

Wednesday March 21st

Voices of CPAC 2018 Evan of the College Republicans

Tuesday March 20th

Voices from CPAC 2018 Chris from EWTN

Monday March 19th

Voices at CPAC Heather of Conservatives Concerned about the Death Penalty

Saturday March 17th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Seton Motley of Less Government

Friday March 16th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Leo from MA

Thursday March 15th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Yvonne from Illinois

Wednesday March 14

Voices of CPAC 2018 Kurt Schlichter

Tuesday March 13th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Tony (Don’t call him Anthony) Katz

Monday March 12th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Elizabeth of the Mt. Holyoke College Republicans (Yes you read that right)

Sunday March 11th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Grizzly Joe

Voices of CPAC 2018 Rachel from Virginia

Saturday March 10th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Connor Wolf of Inside Sources

Friday March 9th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Chase from the Houston Young Republicans

Thursday March 8th

Voices at CPAC 2018 Chris from NY Longtime Prolife activist

Saturday March 10th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Connor Wolf of Inside Sources

Friday March 9th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Chase from the Houston Young Republicans

Thursday March 8th

Voices at CPAC 2018 Chris from NY Longtime Prolife activist

Wednesday March 7th

Voices at CPAC 2018 Michael from Liberty University

Tuesday March 6th

Voices at CPAC 2018 Sarah Rumpf

Monday March 5th

Voices from CPAC 2018 Doreen from Michigan
Voices of CPAC 2018 Susan from New Mexico

Sunday March 4th
Voices of CPAC 2018 Myra Adams

Friday March 2nd

Voices of CPAC 2018 John Hawkins and Sierra Marlee

CPAC 2018: Two Men who made a Difference For Me

Wednesday Feb 20

Voices at CPAC 2018 Dylan and Watson

Voices at CPAC 2018 Kira Innis (Two Angles)

Monday Feb 26th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Greg Penglis of WEBY 1330 Radio

Sunday Feb 25th

CPAC 2018 Dutch Kitchen Cannoli Sicilian from Brooklyn Approved

Saturday Feb 24th

CPAC 2018 / Don’t give a VUK Meet the Voter the Media Narrative says Does Exist

Friday Feb 23rd

Voices at CPAC 2018 Senator Ted Cruz Answers Two Question for DaTechGuy

Thurs Feb 22nd

We Interrupt CPAC 2018 for CNN and their Gun Control Galaxy Quest Moment
Voices of CPAC 2018: Ron from PA

Wed Feb. 21st

Voices at CPAC 2018 Vicki from Minnesota

Voices at (or near) #cpac2018 Lea from National Association of Developmental Educators We talk Students and Math

DaTechGuy at CPAC 2018 The Calm Before the Storm and What I’ll be Asking

If you don’t want to wait or my blog posts to see my interviews my youtube channel is here.

Full CPAC 2017 list (for those who feel nostalgic) is here

A reminder I have copies of my Book Hail Mary the perfect Protestant (and Catholic) Prayer available at CPAC with me, price $7 and I will happily sign them for you.

Or you can just order it on Amazon

If you don’t want to wait or my blog posts to see my interviews my youtube channel is here.

Full CPAC 2017 list (for those who feel nostalgic) is here

A reminder I have copies of my Book Hail Mary the perfect Protestant (and Catholic) Prayer available at CPAC with me, price $7 and I will happily sign them for you.

Or you can just order it on Amazon


Sipping whisky from a paper cup
You drown your sorrows ‘til you can’t stand up
Take a look at what you’ve done to yourself
Why don’t you put the bottle back on the shelf
Shooting junk ‘til you’re half insane
A broken needle in a purple vein
Why don’t you look into Jesus
He’s got the answer

 

from “Why Don’t You Look Into Jesus” by Larry Norman

 

On “Center Of My Heart,” a song from Tourniquet which was Larry Norman’s final studio album before he passed away ten years ago, he included the line “I’m a walking contradiction.” After reading Gregory Alan Thornbury’s Why Should the Devil Have All the Good Music?: Larry Norman and the Perils of Christian Rock, it’s obvious truer words have seldom been spoken.

Thornbury’s biography of Larry Norman, Christian rock’s founding father in the 1960s and most polarizing figure to this day, is a fascinating and sobering look at the life of a man almost perpetually surrounded by controversy. Much of it was Norman’s own doing, intentional or no; his incessant need to be in control and insistence on being a lone wolf utterly convinced of his selected path’s correctness often frayed and sometimes shattered relationships both professional and personal. Yet, he could also be generous to a fault with his time, money, and talents. He was also a brilliant songwriter and performer, penning and recording work that remains stunningly powerful and genuinely life-changing for those who have ears to hear.

Norman, to quote from a song by Mark Heard whose early career was directly influenced by Norman, was too sacred for the sinners and the saints wished he’d leave. The former were often off-put by Norman’s frequent references to Christ crucified and risen, while the latter routinely freaked out over his mixing straightforward love and political songs, plus generous use of allegory and parable, into his body of work. Norman didn’t care. It was his vision, done his way, take it or leave it.

The book does an excellent job in painting the backdrop for Norman’s life and times, managing the not inconsiderable feat of detailing such elements as the Jesus People movement of the late 1960s and early 1970s in a manner both informative to the uninitiated and not dreary for those already in the know. Some biographers tell a tale of life well; others specialize in times. Thornbury does both well.

Thornbury mentions more than once how Norman in concert sought not to entertain, but rather to challenge his audience, having no hesitation about making it feel uncomfortable through in-between song musings as well as in the songs themselves. He posed questions about faith and how believers should conduct themselves in the world, detailing the need to demolish the Christian ghetto and actually be in the world but not of it. Norman was simultaneously icon and iconoclast, the one without whom most every contemporary Christian artists would not be there while at the same time asking what they were doing there, as they were neither witnessing to non-believers nor edifying those who were already Christians.

The book is unflinching in its examination of Norman and those around him; his first wife Pamela and his early protege Randy Stonehill both come off quite poorly. However, the book also tosses bouquets as easily as it does brickbats. It is no hatchet job designed to speak maximum ill of the dead or the living. In lieu thereof it is, as best as Norman can be capsulated, a multi-level study of a multi-level man who won friends, made enemies, influenced many far more than they are willing to admit, and left it for others to argue about as he decidedly did it his way. If you love Larry Norman, or have no idea who he was, Why Should the Devil Have All the Good Music?: Larry Norman and the Perils of Christian Rock is enriching reading that, even as Norman did with his work, forces reflection.

The book is available from Amazon and Barnes & Noble.

I had a long sitdown interview with one of the GREAT reporters, Lee Stranahan currently working for Sputnik radio at CPAC 2018

As I said it was very long and done in two parts

There is nothing like dealing with someone who really knows and does his job well and that’s Lee all over. You can find his web site here.


DaTechGuy at CPAC 2018 The story (blogged) so far:

Thursday April 5th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Lee Stranahan

Wednesday April 4th
Voices of CPAC 2018 William Hoge of Hogewash
Voices at CPAC 2018 Byron York of the Washington Examiner

Tuesday April 3rd

Voices of CPAC 2018 Erik Svane of ¡No Pasarán!
Voices of CPAC 2018 Gregory Wrighforce Inconvenient Facts

Monday April 2nd
Voices of CPAC 2018 Becky Noble of Politichicks
Voices of CPAC 2018 Andrew Mangioni of the Association of Mature American Citizens

Sunday April 1st
Voices of CPAC 2018 Dave Weigel of the Washington Post
Voices of CPAC 2018 Walking Interview James O’Keefe

Saturday March 31st

Voices of CPAC 2018: Michael from Scotland.
Voices of CPAC 2018 Gina Roberts Log Cabin Republicans San Diego

Friday March 30th

Voices of CPAC 2018 The Great Evan Sayet
Voices of CPAC 2018 MaryAnn after President Trump’s Speech

Thursday March 29th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Kathleen Wepner of Patriot Guardians
Voices of CPAC 2018 William Nardy of Rousa News PLUS the Lone Conservative Kassy Dylan

Wednesday March 28th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Peter from Reno
Voices of CPAC 2018 Tyler from Florida Post Trump Speech

Tuesday March 27th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Ricard from NY post Trump speech
3 Clips of President Trump at CPAC 2018 plus Rachel from VA again

Monday March 26

Voices of CPAC 2018 Jeff Hulbert of Patriot Picket
Voices of CPAC 2018 Adam from NY of the Young Republicans

Sunday March 25

Voices of CPAC 2018 Betina Viviano of the Media group America’s Voice
Voices of CPAC 2018 Susanne Monk of Trump Talk

Saturday March 24th

Voices from CPAC 2018: Tyler

Friday March 23rd

Voices of CPAC 2018 Debra (Nice Deb) Heine

Thursday March 22nd

Voices of CPAC 2018 Traci Belmonte

Wednesday March 21st

Voices of CPAC 2018 Evan of the College Republicans

Tuesday March 20th

Voices from CPAC 2018 Chris from EWTN

Monday March 19th

Voices at CPAC Heather of Conservatives Concerned about the Death Penalty

Saturday March 17th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Seton Motley of Less Government

Friday March 16th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Leo from MA

Thursday March 15th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Yvonne from Illinois

Wednesday March 14

Voices of CPAC 2018 Kurt Schlichter

Tuesday March 13th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Tony (Don’t call him Anthony) Katz

Monday March 12th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Elizabeth of the Mt. Holyoke College Republicans (Yes you read that right)

Sunday March 11th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Grizzly Joe

Voices of CPAC 2018 Rachel from Virginia

Saturday March 10th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Connor Wolf of Inside Sources

Friday March 9th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Chase from the Houston Young Republicans

Thursday March 8th

Voices at CPAC 2018 Chris from NY Longtime Prolife activist

Saturday March 10th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Connor Wolf of Inside Sources

Friday March 9th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Chase from the Houston Young Republicans

Thursday March 8th

Voices at CPAC 2018 Chris from NY Longtime Prolife activist

Wednesday March 7th

Voices at CPAC 2018 Michael from Liberty University

Tuesday March 6th

Voices at CPAC 2018 Sarah Rumpf

Monday March 5th

Voices from CPAC 2018 Doreen from Michigan
Voices of CPAC 2018 Susan from New Mexico

Sunday March 4th
Voices of CPAC 2018 Myra Adams

Friday March 2nd

Voices of CPAC 2018 John Hawkins and Sierra Marlee

CPAC 2018: Two Men who made a Difference For Me

Wednesday Feb 20

Voices at CPAC 2018 Dylan and Watson

Voices at CPAC 2018 Kira Innis (Two Angles)

Monday Feb 26th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Greg Penglis of WEBY 1330 Radio

Sunday Feb 25th

CPAC 2018 Dutch Kitchen Cannoli Sicilian from Brooklyn Approved

Saturday Feb 24th

CPAC 2018 / Don’t give a VUK Meet the Voter the Media Narrative says Does Exist

Friday Feb 23rd

Voices at CPAC 2018 Senator Ted Cruz Answers Two Question for DaTechGuy

Thurs Feb 22nd

We Interrupt CPAC 2018 for CNN and their Gun Control Galaxy Quest Moment
Voices of CPAC 2018: Ron from PA

Wed Feb. 21st

Voices at CPAC 2018 Vicki from Minnesota

Voices at (or near) #cpac2018 Lea from National Association of Developmental Educators We talk Students and Math

DaTechGuy at CPAC 2018 The Calm Before the Storm and What I’ll be Asking

If you don’t want to wait or my blog posts to see my interviews my youtube channel is here.

Full CPAC 2017 list (for those who feel nostalgic) is here

A reminder I have copies of my Book Hail Mary the perfect Protestant (and Catholic) Prayer available at CPAC with me, price $7 and I will happily sign them for you.

Or you can just order it on Amazon

If you don’t want to wait or my blog posts to see my interviews my youtube channel is here.

Full CPAC 2017 list (for those who feel nostalgic) is here

A reminder I have copies of my Book Hail Mary the perfect Protestant (and Catholic) Prayer available at CPAC with me, price $7 and I will happily sign them for you.

Or you can just order it on Amazon


I spoke to Byron York of the Washington Examiner at CPAC 2018

I must confess I have a real soft spot for Mr. York. He was the 1st member of the MSM who said he had read or heard of my work seven years ago and also one of the first to be interviewed by me way back when in 2010 (that interview is here)

Want to be informed? Read Byron York Regularly you can get to his stuff from his facebook page here or just follow him on twitter.


If you’d like to continue to support independent journalism, help defray the $140 a month extra I’ll need for my new hosting site please consider hitting DaTipJar here.



Consider subscribing. 7 more subscribers at $20 a month will pay the monthly price for the new host/server.


Choose a Subscription level


Finally might I suggest my book Hail Mary the Perfect Protestant (and Catholic) Prayer makes an excellent Gift.


DaTechGuy at CPAC 2018 The story (blogged) so far:

Wednesday April 4th

Voices at CPAC 2018 Byron York of the Washington Examiner

Tuesday April 3rd

Voices of CPAC 2018 Erik Svane of ¡No Pasarán!
Voices of CPAC 2018 Gregory Wrighforce Inconvenient Facts

Monday April 2nd
Voices of CPAC 2018 Becky Noble of Politichicks
Voices of CPAC 2018 Andrew Mangioni of the Association of Mature American Citizens

Sunday April 1st
Voices of CPAC 2018 Dave Weigel of the Washington Post
Voices of CPAC 2018 Walking Interview James O’Keefe

Saturday March 31st

Voices of CPAC 2018: Michael from Scotland.
Voices of CPAC 2018 Gina Roberts Log Cabin Republicans San Diego

Friday March 30th

Voices of CPAC 2018 The Great Evan Sayet
Voices of CPAC 2018 MaryAnn after President Trump’s Speech

Thursday March 29th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Kathleen Wepner of Patriot Guardians
Voices of CPAC 2018 William Nardy of Rousa News PLUS the Lone Conservative Kassy Dylan

Wednesday March 28th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Peter from Reno
Voices of CPAC 2018 Tyler from Florida Post Trump Speech

Tuesday March 27th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Ricard from NY post Trump speech
3 Clips of President Trump at CPAC 2018 plus Rachel from VA again

Monday March 26

Voices of CPAC 2018 Jeff Hulbert of Patriot Picket
Voices of CPAC 2018 Adam from NY of the Young Republicans

Sunday March 25

Voices of CPAC 2018 Betina Viviano of the Media group America’s Voice
Voices of CPAC 2018 Susanne Monk of Trump Talk

Saturday March 24th

Voices from CPAC 2018: Tyler

Friday March 23rd

Voices of CPAC 2018 Debra (Nice Deb) Heine

Thursday March 22nd

Voices of CPAC 2018 Traci Belmonte

Wednesday March 21st

Voices of CPAC 2018 Evan of the College Republicans

Tuesday March 20th

Voices from CPAC 2018 Chris from EWTN

Monday March 19th

Voices at CPAC Heather of Conservatives Concerned about the Death Penalty

Saturday March 17th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Seton Motley of Less Government

Friday March 16th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Leo from MA

Thursday March 15th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Yvonne from Illinois

Wednesday March 14

Voices of CPAC 2018 Kurt Schlichter

Tuesday March 13th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Tony (Don’t call him Anthony) Katz

Monday March 12th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Elizabeth of the Mt. Holyoke College Republicans (Yes you read that right)

Sunday March 11th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Grizzly Joe

Voices of CPAC 2018 Rachel from Virginia

Saturday March 10th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Connor Wolf of Inside Sources

Friday March 9th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Chase from the Houston Young Republicans

Thursday March 8th

Voices at CPAC 2018 Chris from NY Longtime Prolife activist

Saturday March 10th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Connor Wolf of Inside Sources

Friday March 9th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Chase from the Houston Young Republicans

Thursday March 8th

Voices at CPAC 2018 Chris from NY Longtime Prolife activist

Wednesday March 7th

Voices at CPAC 2018 Michael from Liberty University

Tuesday March 6th

Voices at CPAC 2018 Sarah Rumpf

Monday March 5th

Voices from CPAC 2018 Doreen from Michigan
Voices of CPAC 2018 Susan from New Mexico

Sunday March 4th
Voices of CPAC 2018 Myra Adams

Friday March 2nd

Voices of CPAC 2018 John Hawkins and Sierra Marlee

CPAC 2018: Two Men who made a Difference For Me

Wednesday Feb 20

Voices at CPAC 2018 Dylan and Watson

Voices at CPAC 2018 Kira Innis (Two Angles)

Monday Feb 26th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Greg Penglis of WEBY 1330 Radio

Sunday Feb 25th

CPAC 2018 Dutch Kitchen Cannoli Sicilian from Brooklyn Approved

Saturday Feb 24th

CPAC 2018 / Don’t give a VUK Meet the Voter the Media Narrative says Does Exist

Friday Feb 23rd

Voices at CPAC 2018 Senator Ted Cruz Answers Two Question for DaTechGuy

Thurs Feb 22nd

We Interrupt CPAC 2018 for CNN and their Gun Control Galaxy Quest Moment
Voices of CPAC 2018: Ron from PA

Wed Feb. 21st

Voices at CPAC 2018 Vicki from Minnesota

Voices at (or near) #cpac2018 Lea from National Association of Developmental Educators We talk Students and Math

DaTechGuy at CPAC 2018 The Calm Before the Storm and What I’ll be Asking

If you don’t want to wait or my blog posts to see my interviews my youtube channel is here.

Full CPAC 2017 list (for those who feel nostalgic) is here

A reminder I have copies of my Book Hail Mary the perfect Protestant (and Catholic) Prayer available at CPAC with me, price $7 and I will happily sign them for you.

Or you can just order it on Amazon

If you don’t want to wait or my blog posts to see my interviews my youtube channel is here.

Full CPAC 2017 list (for those who feel nostalgic) is here

A reminder I have copies of my Book Hail Mary the perfect Protestant (and Catholic) Prayer available at CPAC with me, price $7 and I will happily sign them for you.

Or you can just order it on Amazon


There are few things as mind-boggling as the double-standard set forth by liberal elitists. The sanctimony with which they acquit themselves never ceases to amaze and appall. Case in point: the hypocritical attitude they have when it comes to Americans’ Second Amendment right to bear arms.

The latest example of this hypocrisy is, perhaps, the most absurd yet.

On March 23rd, Fox News contributor Tomi Lahren posted an image to Instagram of her wearing a pair of yoga pants from Alexo Athletica’s new active carrywear line. The pants are designed to hold a concealed carry handgun, something that is legal for US citizens with a permit to do in most states.

The photo on Instagram was part of Ms. Lahren’s official endorsement of the Alexo Athletica line. Her post reads, “Live. Speak. Stand. Run. Carry with confidence. Ladies, chances are your assailant is gonna be bigger, stronger and faster and that’s why you have @alexoathletica for your gun, your mace, or even your phone. Yeah, you’ve got it covered.”

Lahren’s post drew tons of criticism on Twitter because she posted it the day before the March for Our Lives protest in Washington, D.C. You know what else was released the day before the protest? The Netflix action-comedy Game Over, Man in which three moronic hotel workers brandish semi-automatic weapons they don’t know how to use properly.

The March for Our Lives protest was a response to the February 13th shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School. Days later, movie theaters were greeted with the lowbrow antics of the Jason Bateman black comedy Game Night that’s rife with brutal shootings and lame gun jokes.

This is nothing new, of course. The liberal establishment has long asked for Americans to give up their firearms while glorifying gun culture in big budget Hollywood actioners. Former-heartthrob George Clooney has said that he’s scared of guns and, yet, he’s handled everything from a Walther PPK and an M60 machine gun to a Mossberg 500 and an M1 carbine in his extensive ouevre of gun-centric movies and TV shows.

Back in 2013, A-list actor Jamie Foxx joined other gun control activists in demanding a plan by then-President Barack Obama to end gun violence just as Foxx’s sadistically violent Django Unchained reached Number 2 at the box office.

The vulgar response to Lahren’s post illustrates just how puerile the Left really are. @BettyBowers tweeted, “The only thing that stops a bad vagina with a gun is a good vagina with a gun!” @RubeBait tweeted, “Pro-Tip for @TomiLahren: Guns are not dildos.” And @RexHuppke tweeted, “To protest our schools, all classrooms will now be equipped with Tomi Lahren and her vagina gun.”

The crude remarks prove that liberals will always be willing to fight dirty when they don’t agree with something, even when the subject in question is something that was far from a political statement. Lahren’s Instagram picture does not encourage gun violence nor does it suggest that everyone should run out and buy a deadly weapon, rather it sends a message to women that they should be able to look good while defending themselves.

One would think in the wake of Weinsteingate and the whole #TimesUp movement, people would see the value in women being able to protect themselves. The best handguns for women are designed to suit a woman’s weight and modesty. They are compact and unassuming, making them the perfect self-defense weapon for someone who wants to keep them concealed in a purse or, in this case, a piece of active wear.

As former Congresswoman Gabby Giffords said at the 2015 Domestic Violence Awareness Summit, “dangerous people with guns are a threat to women. Criminals with guns. Abusers with guns. Stalkers with guns. That makes gun violence a women’s issue.”

One thing that may come as a surprise to the Dems is the fact that women are more likely to say that the way parents raise their children (38%) is the primary cause of gun violence, rather than the availability of guns (24%).

A study by Harvard and Northeastern universities found that nearly half of gun owners whose gun collection consists of a single handgun are women. And that’s not all; the NRA says that the number of women who registered for classes on how to use a pistol almost doubled between 2011 and 2014.

For athletic women, there is a very real danger to staying active in public. The sad truth is that a woman simply running along the same path every day poses a known safety risk. This explains why the number of female gun owners is growing and it underscores the value in possessing a concealable weapon.

The most popular compact handguns for concealed carry are small enough that concealed carrying is easy and weigh just enough so that recoil is not problematic. They are the perfect solution for the modern woman who understands the prevalent threats that surround her.

The number of concealed carry holders have now reached over 14 million. With creeps like Harvey Weinstein and Louis CK being outed left and right, women understand the need to keep perverts and other potential assailants at bay.

As the year before I had a quick walking interview with James O’Keefe

I must admit In my opinion this was one of the poorest interviews I’ve done. That’s the problem with doing things spontaneous, there are times when nothing at all comes to you.

Project Veritas’ site is here. You can buy his book American Pravda here.


DaTechGuy at CPAC 2018 The story (blogged) so far:

Sunday April 1st

Voices of CPAC 2018 Walking Interview James O’Keefe

Saturday March 31st

Voices of CPAC 2018: Michael from Scotland.
Voices of CPAC 2018 Gina Roberts Log Cabin Republicans San Diego

Friday March 30th

Voices of CPAC 2018 The Great Evan Sayet
Voices of CPAC 2018 MaryAnn after President Trump’s Speech

Thursday March 29th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Kathleen Wepner of Patriot Guardians
Voices of CPAC 2018 William Nardy of Rousa News PLUS the Lone Conservative Kassy Dylan

Wednesday March 28th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Peter from Reno
Voices of CPAC 2018 Tyler from Florida Post Trump Speech

Tuesday March 27th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Ricard from NY post Trump speech
3 Clips of President Trump at CPAC 2018 plus Rachel from VA again

Monday March 26

Voices of CPAC 2018 Jeff Hulbert of Patriot Picket
Voices of CPAC 2018 Adam from NY of the Young Republicans

Sunday March 25

Voices of CPAC 2018 Betina Viviano of the Media group America’s Voice
Voices of CPAC 2018 Susanne Monk of Trump Talk

Saturday March 24th

Voices from CPAC 2018: Tyler

Friday March 23rd

Voices of CPAC 2018 Debra (Nice Deb) Heine

Thursday March 22nd

Voices of CPAC 2018 Traci Belmonte

Wednesday March 21st

Voices of CPAC 2018 Evan of the College Republicans

Tuesday March 20th

Voices from CPAC 2018 Chris from EWTN

Monday March 19th

Voices at CPAC Heather of Conservatives Concerned about the Death Penalty

Saturday March 17th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Seton Motley of Less Government

Friday March 16th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Leo from MA

Thursday March 15th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Yvonne from Illinois

Wednesday March 14

Voices of CPAC 2018 Kurt Schlichter

Tuesday March 13th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Tony (Don’t call him Anthony) Katz

Monday March 12th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Elizabeth of the Mt. Holyoke College Republicans (Yes you read that right)

Sunday March 11th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Grizzly Joe

Voices of CPAC 2018 Rachel from Virginia

Saturday March 10th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Connor Wolf of Inside Sources

Friday March 9th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Chase from the Houston Young Republicans

Thursday March 8th

Voices at CPAC 2018 Chris from NY Longtime Prolife activist

Saturday March 10th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Connor Wolf of Inside Sources

Friday March 9th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Chase from the Houston Young Republicans

Thursday March 8th

Voices at CPAC 2018 Chris from NY Longtime Prolife activist

Wednesday March 7th

Voices at CPAC 2018 Michael from Liberty University

Tuesday March 6th

Voices at CPAC 2018 Sarah Rumpf

Monday March 5th

Voices from CPAC 2018 Doreen from Michigan
Voices of CPAC 2018 Susan from New Mexico

Sunday March 4th
Voices of CPAC 2018 Myra Adams

Friday March 2nd

Voices of CPAC 2018 John Hawkins and Sierra Marlee

CPAC 2018: Two Men who made a Difference For Me

Wednesday Feb 20

Voices at CPAC 2018 Dylan and Watson

Voices at CPAC 2018 Kira Innis (Two Angles)

Monday Feb 26th

Voices of CPAC 2018 Greg Penglis of WEBY 1330 Radio

Sunday Feb 25th

CPAC 2018 Dutch Kitchen Cannoli Sicilian from Brooklyn Approved

Saturday Feb 24th

CPAC 2018 / Don’t give a VUK Meet the Voter the Media Narrative says Does Exist

Friday Feb 23rd

Voices at CPAC 2018 Senator Ted Cruz Answers Two Question for DaTechGuy

Thurs Feb 22nd

We Interrupt CPAC 2018 for CNN and their Gun Control Galaxy Quest Moment
Voices of CPAC 2018: Ron from PA

Wed Feb. 21st

Voices at CPAC 2018 Vicki from Minnesota

Voices at (or near) #cpac2018 Lea from National Association of Developmental Educators We talk Students and Math

DaTechGuy at CPAC 2018 The Calm Before the Storm and What I’ll be Asking

If you don’t want to wait or my blog posts to see my interviews my youtube channel is here.

Full CPAC 2017 list (for those who feel nostalgic) is here

A reminder I have copies of my Book Hail Mary the perfect Protestant (and Catholic) Prayer available at CPAC with me, price $7 and I will happily sign them for you.

Or you can just order it on Amazon

If you don’t want to wait or my blog posts to see my interviews my youtube channel is here.

Full CPAC 2017 list (for those who feel nostalgic) is here

A reminder I have copies of my Book Hail Mary the perfect Protestant (and Catholic) Prayer available at CPAC with me, price $7 and I will happily sign them for you.

Or you can just order it on Amazon


The Damned being Cast into Hell, Frans Francken 1610

Anyone who gives you a cup of water to drink because you belong to Christ, amen, I say to you, will surely not lose his reward.

“Whoever causes one of these little ones who believe (in me) to sin, it would be better for him if a great millstone were put around his neck and he were thrown into the sea.

If your hand causes you to sin, cut it off. It is better for you to enter into life maimed than with two hands to go into Gehenna, 10 into the unquenchable fire.

And if your foot causes you to sin, cut it off. It is better for you to enter into life crippled than with two feet to be thrown into Gehenna. And if your eye causes you to sin, pluck it out. Better for you to enter into the kingdom of God with one eye than with two eyes to be thrown into Gehenna, where ‘their worm does not die, and the fire is not quenched.’

Mark 9:41-48

I’ve been thinking long and hard about the Francis “No Hell” business and I think I’ve figured it out what is going on (although I can’t take all the credit for it).

A long time ago I wrote a post about how the internet empowers “crazy uncles”

It’s not so odd that 1% of any population might be off its rocker, the problem is in a country of 300,000,000 that is 3 million people. Even if 1/10 of one percent is crackers that’s 300,000 people. To give you some perspective that’s more troops than we have in Iraq or Afghanistan.

The problem is with the internet and social networking and the like that crazy 1% or 1/10 of one percent is suddenly empowered. Instead of the crazy uncle at the family gathering that you can ignore, suddenly he has 1000 friends that he can text to rebut and counter rebut all night. He is affirmed and empowered and boy is he motivated, because now there are thousands of people telling him he’s been right all along and is MUCH smarter than everyone thought.

300,000-3,000,000 crazy uncles as individuals isn’t a big deal, but get them all writing e-mails or making phone calls and most importantly AFFIRMING themselves and suddenly you have a potent economic and or political force. Suddenly there is a huge market for a book or 10,000 people willing to pay $20 for a DVD. That’s a fair amount of change and a person can make a good living off of it.

In terms of the church a good example of this is one given by Father Z in one of the best posts on the subject of communion and the divorced that I’ve ever read. It begins with this question:

You wrote in a recent post, “Holy Communion for the divorced and remarried (which in 99.99% of cases would be sacrilege).” Can you tell me what scenario would permit your conscience to give communion to the remarried? I can think of a couple, perhaps; curious what you’re thinking, esp. as I teach a marriage class every semester.

He lays out a scenario where a couple illicitly married choose not to separate for the sake of their children but are made to understand their sin and resolve to live as brother and sister such a couple CAN receive communion but would and should avoid doing so during their mass obligation to make sure it didn’t cause scandal and confuse people by making people think the priest is giving them communion in a state of mortal sin, as father puts it

Now I will track back to what I asked about Communion at the top.

What is it that they want?

Communion with its holy effects? Or do they want to be seen receiving Communion?

Do they want the Eucharist or the “white thing” that symbolizes affirmation?

In theory of course said couple could go for communion in public and the priest knowing that they are not in a state of moral sin could give them communion counting on the charity that people should have to presume that both the priest and the couple are acting in good faith.  In his letter to the Corinthians Paul explains how how such a situation, using the example of meat sacrificed to idols, can lead to sin.

Now food will not bring us closer to God. We are no worse off if we do not eat, nor are we better off if we do.  But make sure that this liberty of yours in no way becomes a stumbling block to the weak.  If someone sees you, with your knowledge, reclining at table in the temple of an idol, may not his conscience too, weak as it is, be “built up” to eat the meat sacrificed to idols?  Thus through your knowledge, the weak person is brought to destruction, the brother for whom Christ died.  When you sin in this way against your brothers and wound their consciences, weak as they are, you are sinning against Christ.

1 Cor 8:8-12

Now if you are dealing with a small parish, and there is a busybody or a crazy uncle who sees this, the pastor could explain privately to a person scandalized by this that the couple in question are working with him and living as brother and sister (and if they fail confessing with a firm purpose of resolution) and count on that person not to gossip about this couple’s private situation or blast it out on twitter or facebook. Of course if he is unlucky the person might have already blasted this out and suddenly not only is he dealing with his bishop and the local press asking if he’s defying the church but the couple in question suddenly have all of their business out in public making leading them away from sin a complicated matter.

And that brings us to Pope Francis

A priest friend of mine one noted that the weakness of Pope Francis is he forgets that he not just a local pastor dealing with local issues but the Pope of the entire church whose every pronouncement is given scrutiny. This whole business about “There is no Hell” and the Vatican’s weak response to it is a great example of this.

Now Pope Francis might think that this is no big deal, just a conversation with an old man, John Allen describes it

The cardinal said he’d asked Pope Francis the very same question, and here was the pope’s answer: “You know, by now he [Scalfari] is quite old … we have to be gentle with him,” which is consistent with the pope’s repeated pleas to respect and cherish the elderly.

Francis’s Vatican team, sensing the pope’s preferences, may have gotten the message that when it comes to Scalfari, normally the gloves stay on.

Unfortunately he’s not just an old man Scalfari (the elderly atheist/communist journalist) is the founder of a major paper that is read by thousands and while as Allen explains, his reputation for accuracy or the lack thereof might be well known in Italy in general and Vatican circles in particular, Allen again:

It’s also worth remembering that in 2015, when Scalfari quoted Francis as having said that “all the divorced and remarried who ask will be admitted” to Communion, the then-Vatican spokesman, Father Federico Lombardi, added a very telling aside to the official denial.

Those who have “followed the preceding events and work in Italy,” he said, “know the way Scalfari writes and know these things well.”

In other words, the Vatican officials who approve public statements may have thought that it’s all been said before – forgetting, naturally, that the share of humanity that’s followed the preceding events and works in Italy is, in all honesty, staggeringly small.

Alas while Vatican officials, living in their bubble might think that this is no big deal in the age of the internet and of Drudge and a media who would like nothing more than to bring down the church this is gold and while Scalfari might be an old man, don’t think for one moment that that old Communist, Socialist Atheist and Fascist who has spent a lifetime trying to bring down the west and the Christian Culture that made it strong didn’t know what he was doing nor what it would do.

This brings scandal and disrepute to the church that he rejects but it does something even worse

Last night was the day when most new converts are received into the Church, many of them I’m sure doing so in defiance of the opinions of family and friends. How many of them, do you think, might have had second thoughts or even decided against entering into full communion because of this business, particularly the Vatican’s decision not to make a direct unequivocal denial of these statements and affirm the truth of the doctrine of the church?

Pope Francis may think of this as an attempt to reach out to an old atheist near the end of his life in the hope of conversion is mercy and decide that the idea that the Pope has to deny contradicting Saints, Popes, Marian Apparitions and Christ himself is nonsense and if Francis was a local pastor and Scalfari was just some old man near the end of it days he might be right about that.

But in so thinking and doing or in this case again (amoris laetitia) failing to clearly and unambiguously confirm and repeat the Church’s doctrine, unchanged for its two thousand years, he has managed to not only take the focus away from the sacrifice of Christ for humanity during Holy Week but has actually brought the sacrifice of Christ and the Chruch’s understanding of it into question.

This is an own goal, a gift to the enemies of the church on earth and for the enemy of men’s souls in eternity and it’s what comes of thinking like a local pastor instead of the Pope of the Universal Church responsible for the faith of hundreds of millions.

Let us pray that through the grace of God that the Holy Father figures this out.